The Serengeti derives its name from the Maasai term meaning “endless plains.” It is believed to be the birthplace of the human race and is the home of the landscape and wildlife that instantly come to mind when one thinks of Africa.
Tanzania is located in East Africa, on the Indian Ocean and south of Kenya, with a population of over 43 million people, 80% of whom live in rural areas. The Serengeti, Rorya and Busega Districts are in the north, near Kenya and Lake Victoria.
The area lies just south of the Equator. The climate is tropical with two distinct seasons — the rainy season from around November to May and the dry season from June to October.
The economy of the country is improving, but the nation remains among the poorest in the world, ranking 156th out of 174 nations in the 2012 United Nation’s Human Development Index. Economic life is largely based on farming of cotton, rice, root tubers and cereal grains — mostly for subsistence, with small portions for sale. Some farmers keep livestock, and there is fishing in Lake Victoria. Other income comes from small businesses and casual jobs. Poverty is pervasive, and productivity is limited in part by reliance on the most rudimentary of tools for farming and other activities.
The Philadelphia Serengeti Alliance’s first three wells are in the villages of Kowak, Mkula and Masinki.